Safe handling of radiation sources

by Martin Oberhofer

Publisher: Verlag K. Thiemig in München

Written in English
Cover of: Safe handling of radiation sources | Martin Oberhofer
Published: Pages: 241 Downloads: 851
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Subjects:

  • Radiation -- Safety measures.

Edition Notes

Other titlesStrahlenschutzpraxis.
Statementby Martin Oberhofer ; translated by James E. Turner and Renate G. Turner.
SeriesThiemig-Taschenbücher ; Band 46
Classifications
LC ClassificationsRA569 .O2413
The Physical Object
Paginationxi, 241 p. :
Number of Pages241
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL5121258M
ISBN 103521060632
LC Control Number74194677

Radiation dose depends on the duration of exposure, the amount of radiation generated from the radiation source, the distance from the radiation source, and the amount and type of shielding in place. In general, radiation dose is received when a worker is: In close proximity to an unshielded or partially shielded radiation source. EH&S Radiation Safety │ Non-ionizing Radiation Safety Manual │ June Page 6 of 45 The number of waves that pass a fixed point during an interval of time is referred to as the wave frequency (f or the Greek letter ν). Frequency is measured by counting the number of File Size: KB. Patient body fluids become contaminated in the case of unsealed source radiation or nuclear medicine. Brachytherapy and external beam radiation do not result in contamination of bodily fluids. Which of the following is a safe and appropriate way to handle radioactive materials? United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR), Ionizing Radiation Sources and Biological Effects, New York, NY, "Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States", NCRP Report No. 93, "Radiation Safety Guide for Users of X-ray Systems", Iowa State University, Environmental Health.

Radiation is energy that comes from a source and travels through space and may be able to penetrate various materials. Light, radio, and microwaves are types of radiation that are called nonionizing. The kind of radiation discussed in this document is called ionizing radiation because it can produce charged particles (ions) in matter. Food irradiation is the process of exposing food and food packaging to ionizing ng radiation, such as from gamma rays, x-rays, or electron beams, is energy that can be transmitted without direct contact to the source of the energy capable of freeing electrons from their atomic bonds in the targeted radiation can be emitted by a radioactive substance or generated. Personnel participating in brachytherapy, handling brachytherapy sources, or caring for patients containing brachytherapy sources; primary audience is Radiation Oncology. For personnel who handle or work with unsealed radioactive materials or sealed sources, the following courses are mandatory and may be scheduled through MyLinc. Radiation safety refers to safety issues related to radiation hazards arising from the handling of radioactive materials or chemicals and exposure to x-ray from x-ray machines, electron microscopes, particle accelerators, atomic energy plants, nuclear explosions or accidents etc.. Radiation is extremely harmful to humans and animals.

Measure background radiation away from the sources for at least 2 minutes. This is normal everyday radiation which is always present. Pick the source up with the long tongs. Hold the GM-tube 5cm above the source and measure radiation. Place absorption materials between the source and the GM -tube to observe the effects onFile Size: KB. The purpose of the Standards is to establish basic requirements for protection against the risks associated with exposure to ionizing radiation and for the safety of radiation sources that may deliver such exposure. The Standards have been developed from widely accepted radiation protection and safety principles, such as those published in the Annals of the International Commission on. The licensed operator shall be responsible for the safe handling and operation of the nuclear gauge in the field, and must be present during its use, and ensure that all log books are current. School Radiation Safety Officer (SRSO) The SRSO is responsible for the nuclear gauges in their School. The SRSO shall ensure that only. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is the main public body which regulates work that causes or could cause radiation exposure of workers, the public or both. HSE’s inspectors advise, inspect, investigate and enforce in a flexible and proportionate way so that radiation exposure of employees and others, arising from work activities, is.

Safe handling of radiation sources by Martin Oberhofer Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Oberhofer, Martin. Safe handling of radiation sources. München: Verlag K. Thiemig, [] (OCoLC) Guide to the Safe Handling of Radioactive Materials in Research This guide is based on well-established radiological safety practices and our experience handling radio-active materials since We hope the guide will help keep you, your colleagues and the environment safe as you work with radioactive materials in your Size: KB.

Safety Glasses: You should wear safety glasses for any radioisotope procedure, but it is especially important whenever there is a potential for the build-up of pressure that could release a spray of material. Protecting Your Wrists: Lab coat cuffs may hang down and drag across contaminated surfaces.

To protect the skin of your wrists, consider one of the following steps. This INSAG report deals with the general principles governing the safety of all sources of radiation and with the application of these principles. It seeks to demonstrate that, at the conceptual level, the distinction traditionally made between nuclear Safe handling of radiation sources book and radiation protection is not justified.

safety of radiation sources and security of radioactive materials proceedings of an international conference on the safety of radiation sources and the security of radioactive materials jointly organized by the european commission, the international atomic energy agency, the international criminal police organization-interpol.

Building your own homemade X-ray machine is not hard to do, but to do it safely requires that you learn the basics about radiation and radiation safety before beginning.

This guide will give you an overview of these topics and point you to additional resources if you are interested in further reading.

Please list the precautions you will take while working with radioactive materials to help ensure that radiation exposure (and consequent risk) will be As Low As Reasonably Achievable.*Always wear protective clothing (e.g. disposable gloves, lab coat, safety glasses) when handling radioactive materials.

In addition to this standard equipment, the following may also be used. Keep the source in the “safe” or stored position when not in use (this includes from one test location to another). While exposure dose levels are well within limits for radiation workers, never expose yourself to the bare source without sufficient justification for the additional dose.

Radiation Safety Manual for General Rules for Safe Handling of RAM Use of Radioactive Materials January 5, • as a general practice, procedures involving RAM should be confined to as small an area of a laboratory as is realistic and as far from desks as practical, thus limiting the affected area in cases of accidental Size: 36KB.

The basics of nuclear physics which are directly related to radiation protection are briefly discussed. The book describes the units of radiation protection, the measurement techniques, biological effects of radiation, environmental radiation, and many applications of radiation. For each chapter there is a problem section with full : Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

June REGDOC, Radiation Protection Guidelines for Safe Handling of Decedents 3 bodily fluids, organs and other body parts may still contain radioactive material for some timeFile Size: KB.

Overview. While everyone is exposed to natural background radiation, workers may also be exposed to ionizing radiation in workplaces with radiation radiation sources can pose a health risk to workers if not properly controlled. Occupational settings with ionizing radiation sources include.

Medical and dental offices (e.g., X-rays). One of the means by which the safe use and handling of radioactive isotopes or radiation producing machines may be accomplished is for you to become familiar with some of the technical and practical aspects associated with the safe use of the more common sources of radiation found at Size: KB.

MAN-MADE RADIATION SOURCES In addition to the natural sources of radiation, there are also man-made sources of radiation to which we maybe exposed.

In the United States, the largest source of exposure to a person is from medical procedures. Sources of radiation in medicine include x-ray machines and radioactive materialsFile Size: KB.

GoM Region Radiation Safety - Handling of Radioactive Sources and Generally Licensed Devices B. Document the task hazards associated with radioactive materials and devices, risks and controls, jobsite and process safety hazards on the Work Control Certificate.

Student Safety Sheets are teaching materials. For safety management, use Hazcards and other resources on the CLEAPSS website. ©CLEAPSS • Sealed source dropped Do not look directly at source, but use mirror to examine source for damage.

Check area for radioactivity where source was dropped. • Wash the affected area thoroughly and check for radioactivity. If swallowed, go to a SpiltFile Size: KB. It's estimated that the average smoker is exposed to 1, rmem of radiation per year from radioactive material in the fertilizers used to grow tobacco plants, as well as other natural sources.

General Safety Tips to Avoid or Reduce Radiation Exposure. Consider switching to flat screen television sets and computer : Kurina Baksh. More than 80% of the radiation we are exposed to comes from “background” radiationnatural sources like sunlight, soil and rocks.

Most remaining exposure come from manmade sources, such as x-rays and common household appliances like smoke detectors and color televisions. Table shows the average annual dose from natural background File Size: 45KB.

Safe and Secure Transport and Storage of Radioactive Materials reviews best practice and emerging techniques in this transport of radioactive materials is an essential operation in the nuclear industry, without which the generation of nuclear power would not be possible.

Non-Ionizing Radiation Safety Policy. lasers, and coherent light sources are not covered in this manual. For information on the hazards from these sources, see the campus Radiation Safety Manual, the Laser Safety Manual, and the Laser Safety Training Supplement.

- When handling cryogens, use insulated gloves and face shields or other. Medical radiation: uses, dose measurements and safety advice The use of ionising radiation in medicine, including recommended dose measurements and guidance on safe radiology practice.

Published 1. Unaccounted, lost or damaged sources should be reported to the School Radiation Safety Officer on (+61 8) Damaged sources may present a contamination hazard that could be expensive to clean up or could present a health hazard if internal contamination occurs.

Radiation is all around us and comes from many sources. Learn more here about where radiation can be found. Provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Reduce handling time of radioactive materials and equipment. Be mindful of your distance from sources of radiation.

Increase distance as much as possible. Use proper shielding for the type of radiation. Safe Work Practices for Handling Asbestos This manual describes the safe methods of handling all types of asbestos-containing materials, including suitable work procedures for the removal, enclosure, and encapsulation of friable asbestos materials.

Radiation protection and safety objectives and considerations are presented in Section 2, while Section 3 describes typical organizational responsibilities for radiation protection and safety in industrial radiography. Sections 4, 5 and 6 deal with types of exposure devices, design and use of shielded enclosures and site radiography, respectively.

Training in radiation awareness, safe handling of radiation sources and NORM contaminated equipment, static radiation gauge and gamma ray irradiator safety, safe use of irradiating apparatus, and radioactive materials transport. • Keep as much distance between yourself and the radiation source(s) as possible.

• Wear personal protective equipment. The minimum requirements include a laboratory coat, gloves, safety glasses and close-toed shoes. Wear whole -body dosimeters (e.g.

Luxel dos imeter). Radiation Protection Series No. 11 Code of Practice for the Security of Radioactive Sources () The purpose of this Code of Practice is to set out the security requirements to be implemented by persons dealing with sealed radioactive sources.

The average exposure in the United States, from natural sources of radiation (mostly cosmic radiation and radon), is millirems per year at sea level. Radiation exposure is slightly higher at higher elevations-thus the exposure in Denver averages millirems. How Can You Work Safely Around Radiation?

You can work safely around radiation and/or contamination by following a few simple precautions: Use time, distance, shielding, and containment to reduce exposure. Wear dosimeters (e.g., film or TLD badges) .Safety Tips for Using UV Lamps.

Types of UV Lamps. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation occupies the portion of electromagnetic spectrum from to nanometers (nm). The UV spectrum consists of three regions: UV-A (– nm) UV-B (– nm) UV-C (– nm) For most people, the main source of UV exposure is the sun.Basic safety factors For external radiation exposure hazards, the basic protection •The simplest method for protection from ionizing radiation is to spend as little time as possible in the vicinity of radiation source.

Safety Precautions • Use remote handling devices such as forceps, tongs File Size: KB.